Galungan and Kuningan Day Ceremony
Galungan Day is the climax of the Galungan celebrations. Throughout the day the local temples are crowded with people coming and going, bringing the offerings that have been prepared since Penyekeban.
The offerings are presented with mass prayers to Sang Hyang Widi (God), to His manifestations (dewa/dewi, bhatara/bhatari) and to the spirits of one’s ancestors (pitara/pitari).
The ceremonies that are privately performed at the house compounds may vary from place to place and will depend among others on the resources and capabilities of the family concerned.
With the presenting of the offerings one expresses gratitude for the divine provision of the products of the earth, and one prays for the well-being of body and soul, for prosperity, and for protection.
Depending on the type of offering (see below) these are presented,
- at the penjor
- at places of worship such as the family temple and plankiran
- at main temple shrines
- at minor temple shrines
- for working tools.
- Tumpeng Penyajan [ presented at: 1,3,4,5 ]
- Tumpeng Wewakulan [ presented at: 1,3 ]
- Ajuman [ presented at: 1,3,4 ]
- Ajuman Putih/Kuning [ presented at: 1 ]
- Canang Raka [ presented at: 1,3,4 ]
- Pasucian [ presented at: 1,2,3,4 ]
- Canang Burat Wangi [ presented at: 1,3 ]
- Canang Sawah (Ladang) [ presented at: 4 ]
- Canag Genten [ presented at: 4,5 ]
- Sesayut [ presented at: 2 ]
- Pengambyan Peres [ presented at: 2 ]
- Penyeneng [ presented at: 2 ]
- Dapetan [ presented at: 2 ]
- Jarimpen [ presented at: 2 ]
- Gebogan [ presented at: 2 ]
- Pajegan [ presented at: 2 ]
Special Galungan celebrations
- Galungan Nadi – If Budha Kliwon Dungulan coincidences with Purnama (full moon) – similar to the first celebration which took place at Purnama, October 15, 882 AD – then the ngotonan (anniversary) of Galungan is celebrated, a special day that is blessed by Sang Hyang Ketu (Dewa Kecemerlangan).Galungan Nadi is celebrated in a much more solemn way than ordinary Galungan celebrations, and in general the offerings on this day will be more elaborate.Ethymology: Nadi is Balinese for ‘become alive’ (magically), Ketu is Balinese for ‘headgear of a priest’, and Kecemerlanganmeans ‘glorious’ .Celebration date: Galungan Nadi occurs about every 10 years.
- Galungan Nara Mangsa – If Budha Kliwon Dungulan coincidences with Tilem (dark moon) Sasih Kepitu (7th month of the Balinese Saka moon calendar) or Tilem Sasih Kesanga (the 9th month of the Saka calendar, which is the day before Nyepi) then Galungan falls on a very bad day. Such days are ruled by Kala Rau – days on which the bhuta kala are very active while the dewa/dewi(gods) remain passive.At Galungan Nara Mangsa it is therefore forbidden to present sesajen offerings that contain tumpeng (Tumpeng Galugan); one is advised to offer a segehan instead, in particular caru offerings that contain nasi cacahan mixed with keladi (a type of vegetable).
Galungan Day celebration date
Galungan Day takes place at Buda Kliwon Dungulan, the Wednesday of the 11th week of the Pawukon calendar, Dungulan.
You may consult the ceremony calendar for this year’s specific Galungan date.At this time Galungan day takes place on 27th March 2013 and Kuningan day on 06th September 2013. Is good time to come to Bali to see a real culture of Balinese People.Please contact us for memorial GALUNGAN TOUR PROGRAM